November 8, - Operation Torch begins U. November 11, - Germans and Italians invade unoccupied Vichy France. November 19, - Soviet counter-offensive at Stalingrad begins.
No cities in the United States were besieged, not a single bomb was dropped by an enemy airplane on any of our 48 states, no part of our population was enslaved, starved or murdered, and not one village, town or city was completely destroyed or even heard a shot fired in anger.
About the only way we can begin to understand is through imagination. Imagine twenty million people being violently killed between those two American cities in four years.
Operation Barbarossa: The History of Nazi Germany’s Invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II analyzes the beginning of the war along the Eastern Front. Along with pictures of important people and places, you will learn about Operation Barbarossa like never before.4/5(6). The war between Germany and the Soviet Union officially began in late June , although the threat of conflict had loomed since the early s. Germany and the USSR launched a joint war against Poland in September of , which the Soviets followed up with invasions of Finland, Romania, and the Baltic states across the following year. Railways were the heart of the Russo-German War because they provided the vital link between the economic and manpower capacity of the home country and the forces in the field, and in a country as large as the Soviet Union, they provided the operational level movement needed by the military forces.
Including the twists, bulges and turns of the line of battle at the height of German penetration, Novemberthe line would have stretched from Baltimore to Cheyenne, Wyoming.
In place of Leningrad, can you fathom Chicago under bitter siege and constant shelling for days? Is it possible for us to mentally picture thousands of dead bodies lying on the frozen streets between Lake Shore Drive and Evanston?
Could we endure seeing a million people die, mostly from starvation, during the Chicago siege or begin to fathom our own citizens engaging in cannibalism for profit? At the same time of the Chicago siege think of Cincinnati becoming a battleground such as Stalingrad where not a single structure was left habitable and several hundred thousand soldiers killed each other in the process of leveling the city.
Mentally switch names such as Smolensk, Karkov, Minsk, Kiev and Rostov for American cities and picture them destroyed and silenced.
If such images are possible for us to even conceive, we can begin to understand why Americans refer to the conflict as World War Two, but the Russians universally refer to it as the Great Patriotic War. The Numbersi The populations of the United States and the USSR were about the same, ,, when both nations went to war within six months of each other in To Americans, we were sending our boys to fight a foreign war that we'd never experience.
To the Soviets, it was an up front and personal war of monumental savagery. America would lose slightly more thansoldiers killed or missing and almost no civilians during World War II and the USSR, depending on which historian you believe, would lose at least 11, soldiers killed and missing as well as somewhere between 7, and 20, million of its civilian population during the Great Patriotic War.
Looking only at Anglo-American forces engaged against German soldiers on our two fronts, northwest Europe and Italy, the United States lostsoldiers killed and missing during the conflict.
General Eisenhower had just over 3, men under his command, with about a third of them safely in England, and faced a German Army of less than 1, of which our forces killedAt the same time, Soviet armies in excess of 20, soldiers were fighting German armies totaling 5, at their strongest and killed 2, of them as they fought their way out of Russia and on to Berlin.
These are the numbers that make Russians bristle when they hear Americans say to each other that we won the war in Europe. For every American soldier killed fighting Germans, eighty Soviet soldiers died fighting them.
On the other hand, Americans deeply resent Soviet textbooks telling their children their version of history with passages such as: The Anglo-American forces met with practically no opposition from the Hitlerites, and advanced into the heart of France"ii Studied without bias born of the Cold War, one can understand the Soviet description of the facts.
With respect to the "practically no opposition" propaganda phrase it is also true that the Soviets, who routinely faced battles involving several hundred thousand soldiers on both sides, did not regard the 67, Germans defending Normandy on June 6th as serious opposition.
Hitler's occupation of countries such as Denmark, Norway, Holland, Belgium, and France was harsh, but was not aimed at inflicting widespread depopulation with the exception of the Jews on those nations.
The Germans looted huge amounts of raw materials, machinery, art, gold and even wine from their European conquests, but they left the people with enough food to prevent starvation and saw to it that some form of the civilian rule of law remained in force in those countries during the war.
Almost all the French, English and American soldiers captured by the Germans were housed and fed at or above the subsistence level and repatriated after the war.
The same was true of German soldiers captured by the Allies. In the west, most of the putative "rules of war" were observed at some level.On August 23, –shortly before World War II () broke out in Europe–enemies Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union surprised the world by signing the German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact, in.
Nov 25, · WW2 German, Soviet, Allied militaria, uniforms, awards, weapons history. War relics forum. War relics forum. Uniforms, Guns, helmets, battlefield archeology.
Railways were the heart of the Russo-German War because they provided the vital link between the economic and manpower capacity of the home country and the forces in the field, and in a country as large as the Soviet Union, they provided the operational level movement needed by the military forces.
As German armies stampeded through the Soviet Union in the summer of , Nazi politicians and Western statesmen alike predicted the USSR's collapse. The confrontation between German and Soviet forces at Stalingrad was a titanic clash of armies on an unprecedented scale—a campaign that was both a turning point in World War II and a lasting symbol of that war's power and devastation.
Feb 17, · Roots of war. On 22 June , some three million soldiers of Germany and her allies began an attack on the Soviet Union. This war was supposed .