The British faced a major political problem on the island. The indigenous Cypriots believed it their natural right to unite the island with Greece following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. The British imposed heavy taxes to cover the compensation which they were paying to the Sultan for having conceded Cyprus to them. Moreover, the people were not given the right to participate in the administration of the island, since all powers were reserved to the High Commissioner and to London.
Share via Email Last week at a House of Commons event on Cyprus, Europe minister Chris Bryant called the fact that within the EU we have a divided capital and a divided island "a scandal and a tragedy".
It is difficult to disagree. When Britain refused to grant self-determination to Cyprus in the s, the Greek Cypriot demand for enosis union with Greece led to the campaign and threatened British control of this strategically important island. The British countermove was to invite both Greece and Turkey to a conference in London inostensibly to discuss political and defence matters affecting the eastern Mediterranean.
However, as defence minister Selwyn Lloyd explained to the cabinet before the conference: The Erim report clearly states that the only solution for Cyprus consists of partition under Turkish control and mentions population exchange and settlement by mainland Turks as means to this end.
The constitution, underpinned by a treaty of guarantee between Cyprus, Greece, Turkey and the UK, was regarded as provisional by both the Greek and Turkish Cypriots. According to the secret Akritas planwhich was first revealed inthe Greek Cypriots under archbishop Makarios intended to amend the constitution in their favour, suppress Turkish Cypriot resistance "immediately and forcefully" and finally declare enosis.
When the first stage of the plan was put into operation at the end offighting broke out, but the Turkish Cypriots had prepared for this. Already inTurkish Cypriots were ordered by their leaders to cut social and financial ties with their Greek Cypriot neighbours.
Nine years later they were forced into enclaves all over the island — all with the aim to demonstrate that peaceful coexistence was impossible and that partition was the only solution.
The consequences can also be seen at a laboratory established by the CMP Committee on Missing Persons in the buffer zone, where a dedicated team of Greek and Turkish Cypriots work to establish the identity of victims of the conflict.
The US ranks high among the villains. Three weeks ago the European parliament passed a resolution on Turkeycalling on Turkey to immediately start withdrawing its troops from Cyprus, address the issue of Turkish settlers on the island and enable the return of the sealed-off section of Famagusta to its lawful inhabitants.
The Turkish response was predictable. However, Britain sits on the horns of a dilemma.
At the EU general affairs council meeting in Brussels in December, Britain tried to dodge the issue, supporting the Swedish proposal to reduce the Cyprus question to the level of the border dispute between Croatia and Slovenia. In this case, it concerned property purchased in northern Cyprus, which belonged to a dispossessed Greek Cypriot owner.
As the court of appeal noted: Talks between the two Cypriot leaders, Demetris Christofias and Mehmet Ali Talat, are sluggish, and the fear is that Turkey will use a breakdown to reinforce its claim that the recognition of an independent Turkish state in northern Cyprus is the only viable solution.Timeline of Cypriot history This is a timeline of Cypriot history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Cyprus and its predecessor states.
To read about the background to these events, see History of Cyprus. Cyprus Table of Contents. THE REPUBLIC OF CYPRUS was established in , after the former colony gained independence from Britain.
Since , however, a de facto division of the island has existed, with the Greek Cypriot community controlling 63 percent of the territory, and the Turkish Cypriots, backed by Turkish army units, 37 percent. Cyprus: History.
History. Cyprus, which had not taken part in these negotiations, became independent as the Republic of Cyprus. Intercommunal fighting broke out again a few years after independence, leading to some deaths and more than 1, casualties. British troops imposed order and a plan centred on a ceasefire line known .
Cyprus, which had not taken part in these negotiations, became independent as the Republic of Cyprus. Intercommunal fighting broke out again a few years after independence, leading to some deaths and more than 1, casualties.
This is a timeline of Cypriot history, Guy of Lusignan and his descendants began to rule Cyprus as an independent kingdom. Altheides of Cyprus, the traveling philosopher, was born. 13th century Edit.
Cyprus - Government and society: The constitution of the Republic of Cyprus, adopted in , provided that executive power be exercised by a Greek Cypriot president and a Turkish Cypriot vice president, elected to five-year terms by universal suffrage, and that there be a Council of Ministers (cabinet) comprising seven Greek Cypriot and three Turkish Cypriot members. republic of cyprus According to the Zurich-London Treaty, Cyprus becomes an independent republic on 16th August It is a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe and the Commonwealth as well as the Non-Aligned Movement. Cyprus: History. History. Cyprus, which had not taken part in these negotiations, became independent as the Republic of Cyprus. Intercommunal fighting broke out again a few years after independence, leading to some deaths and more than 1, casualties. British troops imposed order and a plan centred on a ceasefire line known .
The sovereign Republic of . A chronology of key events in the history of Cyprus, from to the present. Image caption Cyprus became independent after a guerrilla war against British rule. Archbishop Makarios was the.